397 “Together, bankruptcy decisions are not very helpful in determining whether OTR agreements are sales contracts or leases, as some courts have held the first and some of them according to their interpretation of different state laws. Susan Lorde Martin – Nancy White Huckins, Consumer Advocates versus the Rent-to-Own Industry: Reaching a Reasonable Accommodation, 34 AM. Bus. L. J. 385, 417 (1997). Back to text 380 In re Ganders, 176 B.R. 581 (Bankr. N.D.
Okla. 1995) (maintaining security interest on goods purchased with a retail card when payments are first allocated to service charges and then applied to earlier purchases; In re Ziluck, 139 B.R. 44 (S. D. Fla. 1992) (signing a credit card application sufficient to validate the security agreement entered by reference); In re Martinez, 179 B.R. 90 (Bankr. N.D. III. 1994) (unsigned security contract reinstated and confirmed by reference); In re Wiegert, 145 B.R.
621 (Bankr. D. Neb. 1991) (maintaining the nature of the purchase money of the retail expense agreement); In re Hance, 181 B.R. 184 (Bankr.M.D. Dad. 1993) (sales certificates contain the terms of the unsigned security agreement). Back to the text Other implications of current return practices. The high volume of affirmation agreements – presented and not submitted – in the consumer insolvency system has an impact on the financial consolidation of debtors, but several other types of assertion problems were also identified during the Commission`s overall discussions.
296 Z.B meeting of the National Banking Reviews Commission, 20 February 1997; National Bankruptcy Review Commission Plenary Session on Consumer Bankruptcy October 18, 1996. See also letter from Bud Steven Tayman, Meyers Billingsley, Rodbell-Rosenbaum, Riverdale MD (May 8, 1997) (“only information” Letters from creditors requesting confirmation have become commonplace). Let`s go back to chapter 11 – This is mainly used by companies. In Chapter 11, you can continue your business, but your creditors and the court must approve a plan to repay your debts. There is no agent unless the judge decides that one of them is necessary; When an agent is appointed, the agent takes control of your business and property. 1.3.11 U.S.C 524 (c) must be amended; in order to provide that a confirmation agreement with judicial authorization is permissible only if the amount of the debt that the debtor intends to repeat does not exceed the authorized secured claim, that the right to pledge cannot be avoided under Title 11, that the legal fees, fees or costs related to the principal amount of the debt to be confirmed are not attached to the application for approval of the agreement. security or related guarantees, as well as proof of its perfection, the debtor has provided all the information requested in the application for approval of the agreement and the agreement complies with all other requirements of the subsection (c). (293) Effects of the assertions on the incentives to file Chapter 13. In obtaining confirmation, a creditor generally receives much better treatment than if the debtor had requested Chapter 13. In most cases, in Chapter 13, an undersecured debt would be converted into secured and unsecured coins. The secured creditor would only be entitled to a full payment for the secured portion of the loan.
On the unsecured portion, the creditor and all other holders of unsecured debts would be distributed only on a pro-rata basis.